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Infinity Turbine Energy News

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License our ORC turbines for as low as $10,000 ... More Info

Thermal Sand Battery and Saltwater Battery Combining the best of the thermal Sand Battery with Salt to make a very efficient method of desalination. No brine effluent. Can be used with legacy oil and gas producer water conditioning. More Info

Saltwater Battery: Our Salgenx Saltwater Battery and Desalination... More Info

Heat Pump Turbine: High COP heat pump that drives a turboshaft for AI cooling and hydraulic power... More Info

Capstone Turbine and Ingersoll Rand Microturbine: We buy and sell microturbines... More Info

IT10 System and ROT Turbine Generator Plans $10,000 Unlimited build license for this waste heat to energy system perfect for remote applications and small commercial business... More Info

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Salgenx Energy Storage Simultaneous Desalination

A breakthrough in desalination technology has been announced today with the unveiling of a new system that uses a saltwater flow battery (BESS) cycle to produce clean drinking water from seawater. This innovative solution has been developed to create a sustainable and cost-effective way of storing energy while simultaneously producing fresh water.

The desalination system operates by using a saltwater flow battery cycle without the need for a membrane. The system can use a renewable energy source, such as solar power or large wind turbine, to charge the battery, making it both environmentally friendly and cost-effective.

For More Info…

Salgenx Salt Water Battery

Infinity Turbine Radial Outflow Turbine Systems Utilizing Biomass and other waste heat to make ORC power.

Infinity Turbine Radial Outflow Turbine Systems Utilizing Biomass and other waste heat to make ORC power.

Infinity Turbine Products

Infinity Turbine develops and builds systems for making power from waste heat including industrial, biomass, geothermal, solar, crypto, sand batteries, and more. We are also working on innovative strategies for storing, making, and deploying energy.

Infinity Turbine Complete Product Line

Salt Battery and Salinity Arbitrage

Salt Battery and Salinity Arbitrage

Simultaneously produce soft water and power from salt based water conditioners

Salt based water conditioners and water softeners can be used for small power production making home and commercial water processing a miniature power plant. Simultaneously produce soft water and power.

For homes may only be less than a kilowatt per day, but for commercial buildings may be 175 kW or more per day.

For large desalination plants, may amount to hundreds or thousands of kilowatts of power production per day.

Salgenx: Cogen Battery for Utility Scale Electrical and Thermal Storage

For More Info…

Brine Info

Salgenx

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Hydro Electric Turbine in Davos Switzerland

Located in Davos, Switzerland, this is a decommissioned hydro electric turbine wheel.

Visit

Infinity Turbine IT10 Waste Heat to Energy System for biomass organic rankine cycle as an alternative to the orc screw expander

Infinity Turbine IT10 Waste Heat to Energy System for biomass organic rankine cycle as an alternative to the orc screw expander

About Infinity Turbine LLC

Waste Heat Power: For years we've been hearing requests from customers who would like to use their waste heat to generate power, both on land and marine applications.  To meet that demand, we formed Infinity Turbine LLC in 2008 and developed the IT10, the worlds first production 10 kw ORC (Organic Rankine Cycle) waste heat to power generator.

New developments in CO2 Brayton Cycle may allow efficiencies to reach 30-50 percent. This is a huge increase from the legacy ORC process which has a system efficiency (bottoming cycle) of 5-15 percent).

We now offer a CO2 Turbine Development Platform for educators and energy developers.

About Infinity Turbine

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Viktor Schauberger

Viktor Schauberger was a student of nature and more specifically water flows. He was gifted with the patient skills of observation and an appreciation of the outdoors.

His fascination of mountain streams and how water worked for the environment led to many innovations and inventions which pertain to flow control and the science of water. He realized that water flows were similar to air (just a different density) which led to his lift turbines and craft.

He was one of the first scientists to realize that water has many dimensions and structure. Water has surface tension and boundary layer mechanisms, which were revolutionary before 1900. Of course Nikola Tesla also realized this with his disc turbine around the same period.

Many of his early innovations were focussed around the transport of sawn timber and transporting and then sorting them by use of water and displacement. Back then, transporting timber from the mountains was not without problems. This was before helicopter lifts, trucks (and roads), and aerial cable lift lines.

For More Info…

Flying Disc

Simultaneous brine treatment and energy storage with lithium brine mining process bonus that Tesla is patenting

Simultaneous brine treatment and energy storage with lithium brine mining process bonus that Tesla is patenting

What is Brine

What is brine?

In general, brine is any solution with an extremely high concentration of salts, such as sodium chloride, which can occur either naturally (as with seawater, deep-water ocean pools, salt lakes, producer water from oil and gas drilling) or as a byproduct of industry. These byproducts, or brine waste streams, are typically highly concentrated salt solutions that, in some cases, contain more than twice the amount of concentrated salts than natural brine solutions.

Brine waste streams can also be highly concentrated with total dissolved solids (TDS), such as waste streams in many chemical manufacturing processes, and they can be some of the most challenging to treat or discharge because their composition and purification requirements are dynamic and complex.

Some examples of brine waste created as a byproduct of industry include:

-cooling tower and boiler effluent

-reverse osmosis (RO) and ion exchange waste/reject streams

-produced water from extracting oil and natural gas

chlor-alkali and chemical plant waste

-acid rock and mine drainage

-food preservation and manufacturing waste streams

-desalination waste from potable water creation

irrigation runoff

Our novel solution is treating this solution considered and expensive headache, into a battery technology system.

Elon Musk and Tesla even think that recovery of lithium from brine is worth patenting. However, they are not the first to do so. (1962 Lithium from Brine Patent)

Battery Technology: With the advent of the new USA tax credits for producing and selling batteries ($35/kW) we are focussing on a simple flow battery using shipping containers as the modular electrolyte storage units with tax credits up to $140,000 per system. We are focussing on the salt battery. This battery can be used for both thermal and electrical storage applications. We call it the Cogeneration Battery or Cogen Battery.

We are also looking into converting salt based water conditioners to simultaneously produce power.

Seawater battery desalination with a reverse osmosis membrane for simultaneous brine treatment and energy storage

Everything You Should Know About Saltwater Batteries

Tesla patent reveals Elon Musk’s table salt lithium extraction process that could slash costs

Recovery of Lithium from Brines from 1962

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Progress and Applications of Seawater-Activated Batteries

Nearly 50% of the world’s population lives by the sea. Of the 17 largest cities in the world, 14 are located near the coast, and they consume most of the electricity. The required electricity is transmitted from long distances, increasing costs and reducing energy efficiency. Recently, renewable energy technologies such as solar, wind, wave, and tidal energy generators have been deployed offshore and by the sea to reduce energy transmission distances. However, large-scale EES systems are necessary to provide stable electrical energy, and rechargeable seawater-activated batteries can be a better option for large amounts of electrical energy storage. It is expected that offshore and waterfront deployments of rechargeable seawater-activated batteries may be very easy, since they operate in seawater as the main battery component. (reference article below)

Energy Density Chart:

Vanadium 22-43 Wh/L

Zinc Bromine: 60-70 Wh/L

Saltwater Flow Battery: 125 Wh/L

Lithium 90-160 Wh/kg

Lithium Ion: 140-160 Wh/kg

Magnesium Flow Battery: 300-500 Wh/L

Magnesium-Air Battery (MAB) with Nanostructured Polymeric Electrodes: 545 Wh/kg

Magnesium Metal H2 Peroxide Seawater Activated Battery: 100-500 Wh/kg

Progress and Applications of Seawater-Activated Batteries (link)

Salgenx. The Saltwater Battery

4 megawatt shipping container flow battery configuration

4 megawatt shipping container flow battery configuration

Modular Flow Battery Licensing Production and Sales

Home Based Flow Battery: 10-100 kW ($35,000 tax credit)

Commercial: 4 MW ($140,000 tax credit per module)

Utility Scale Bank: 400 MW ($14,000,000 tax credit per bank)

Note: The tax credit becomes effective 2023, so you have four months to get production started.

Infinity Turbine is now developing commercial scale flow batteries, based on organic electrolytes, including Curcumin and Blackseed.

The initial development will include standard membranes, and then expand into spinning disc reactor mechanical membranes instead of expensive fabrics currently used.

Cogen Battery for Utility Scale Electrical and Thermal Storage

For More Info…

Flow Battery Licensing

Carrier 19xr into PureCycle 280

Carrier 19xr into PureCycle 280

PureCycle 280 Evolution

The Generation 1 ORC utilized near-off-the-shelf components without modification. The expander was a Carrier 19XR225 centrifugal compressor running with reverse flow and the condenser was a pair of Carrier 09DK094 air cooled condensers.

PureCycle 280 Information

Infinity Turbine 1 MW ROT Turbine with Two Stages

Infinity Turbine 1 MW ROT Turbine with Two Stages

Radial Outflow 1MW Turbine AC Induction Generator Plans and Blueprints

Infinity Turbine now has available blueprints for a 1 megawatt ORC radial outflow turbine.

1 MW Information

For More Info…

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Sand Battery Basics

A sand battery is simply a thermal storage device that accepts and rejects heat. While its current use is primarily heating, it can also be used for cooling. Silicon dioxide (sand) is thermally stable up to around 1000 C, and has a high heat capacity.

The goal is a cost effective method of storing energy. With properly insulated storage containment, thermal energy can be stored for months.

The basic setup is a insulated container of sand, with a arrangement of conduit (pipes) embedded in the sand. That simple. The commercial prototype in Finland projects a investment cost of less than 10 Euros per kWh of storage capacity.

The concept of a sand battery is similar to using geothermal cooling (putting fluid conduit, including liquid or gas in the ground) but in this case, it's using sand instead of Earth.

Other forms of using Earth materials for thermal storage:

Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion (OTEC) has been used commercially for air conditioning (commonly referred to as Sea Water Air Conditioning or SWAC). It is used at The Brando Resort in Tahiti where the temperature of sea water is 4-5 C at 960 meters down. In Switzerland Lac Leman (Geneva) and Lake Walensee (Densitas AG) are utilizing 6 C deep lake cooling.

A commercial ice storage method called CalMac has been used for decades which uses off peak evening power to make ice, which is stored in huge insulated tanks, for later use as air conditioning.

Sand batteries that are dirt cheap

For More Info…

Water from Lake Geneva used to heat and cool buildings

Densitas AG Data Center Cooing from Lake Walensee

Sand Battery

Diesel Generator ORC Power Produced in kW

Diesel Generator ORC Power Produced in kW

Utilizing waste heat from Diesel Generators to make free power.

Taking waste heat from diesel generators can produce free power in a Organic Rankine Cycle (ORC) system. The sources of waste heat are engine cooling (replacing large coolant system fan) and stack exhaust which is normally waste heat to the atmosphere.

The ORC does require a cool liquid condenser flow, but generally can utilize the waste heat from the diesel engine to provide 28 percent savings. Generally a 500 kW diesel or larger are prime candidates for utilizing waste heat to make power. Those savings may be greater than $200,000 USD per year for a 500 kW or larger generator running 24/7.

Exhaust to Power: With an additional waste heat to thermal oil heat exchanger, you can capture the diesel exhaust from the pipe to supply heat to the Infinity turbine. This is about 40 percent of total fuel savings as shown in chart below.

Coolant to Power: Pipe straight to the Infinity turbine. This is about 32 percent of total fuel savings as shown in chart below.

Diesel Generator ORC Waste Heat Power Available

IT Micro Redstone Turbine with Counter-rotating Pump printed in 3D metal

IT Micro Redstone Turbine with Counter-rotating Pump printed in 3D metal

IT Micro Redstone 3D Metal Turbine with 2 inch Diameter Counter-rotating Pump

The goal of the Redstone project was to incorporate all moving and rotating functions into one component. This is done by using a layered up rotating assembly, or 3D printed in metal or cast carbon fiber.

Expander (turbine): CO2, ORC, Rankine Cycle, refrigerants, CO2, compressed air, water

Compressor (pump): water, CO2, air, refrigerants

Shaft Free: Turbine assembly is the shaft (magnetic bearings or perimeter bearings).

Cavitation Disc: Can be used for making fluids go supercritical (ex. CO2), or can be plugged with magnets to produce induction heating.

History: The Redstone project was made into 3D printed metal (sintered) steel. What we found was that larger parts tended to lose tolerance as the parts grew in size, so the turbine was designed at 2 inches or less in diameter and turned to true for high speed rotational tolerance. The housing castings needed to be machined to tolerance on the inside and trued for surface mounting.

Final Project: The project was printed by X-One when the larger housing tolerance problems were found. We received boxes of these castings, which were ultimately thrown away. A few surviving parts remain (which are solid metal and extremely heavy). There are a total of three parts, which reduces build time and has a huge time savings from standard metal machining. Ultimately, the best method we found (most cost effective and fast) was cutting basic parts with a waterjet, then layering up for 3D effect, and to achieve the internal chamber structure (complex counter-rotating screws).

Plans and licensing available.

IT Micro Redstone (pdf)

For More Info…

Email: IT Micro Redstone

NFT Publications

Infinity Turbine 1 MW ROT Turbine Dual 24 inch diameter rotors with 12 inch stack height with three stages

Infinity Turbine 1 MW ROT Turbine Dual 24 inch diameter rotors with 12 inch stack height with three stages

Radial Outflow Turbine 1MW AC Generator Hermetically Sealed

Using a scaled up version of existing ROT technology, this design may produce 1 megawatt of power. Turbine would operate at full load speed of 3600 rpm. Turbine is direct mounted to an induction generator (2-pole). Due to the large size of the generator, it is likely a higher voltage than typical (2400V+) and would probably need to be direct grid connect because grid tie controllers cannot be found in this size or voltage. Size of generator likely to be 31in OD and needs a custom cast iron housing for direct refrigerant cooling.

Construction of plates and turbine are possible using current manufacturing capabilities. Large cast iron housings are likely to be outsourced to a vendor (several available). Generator may be an induction motor from a chiller motor supplier (operating in reverse) if no generator suppliers can be found.

For More Info…

Email: 1 MW ROT Info

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Infinity Turbine Introduces ROT12 Experimental Turbine Generator

The ROT12 Radial Outflow Turbine with DC Generator was designed for the IT10 system. It is designed for ORC working fluid such as Honeywell Genetron R245fa.

For More Info…

Producing fresh water from saltwater, or cleaning up producer water from drilling and wastewater operations remain a key sector in the mining, and manufacturing industry

Producing fresh water from saltwater, or cleaning up producer water from drilling and wastewater operations remain a key sector in the mining, and manufacturing industry

Desalination

Infinity Turbine is currently working on the development of incorporating Teflon with SDR (Spinning Disc Reactor) technology to implement a commercial scale shock electrodialysis process (a recently developed electrokinetic process, which can be used to continuously desalinate artificial seawater).

Concept: Infinity is working within its developed technologies to utilize the amazing qualities of Teflon, static electricity, and cavitation (sonochemistry) to further promote simple low cost solutions for removing salt from water.

Shock-Electrodialysis Publications

Keep Reading…

250 kWh Modular Containerized Power and Thermal Storage Solution

250 kWh Modular Containerized Power and Thermal Storage Solution

Introducing the Cogeneration Salt Flow Battery a cutting-edge energy storage solution

The Cogen Salt Flow Battery represents an innovative hybridization of a standard flow battery and a thermal storage device. It offers a unique combination of simultaneous heat or cold liquid storage alongside electrical energy storage.

This versatile technology finds application in various domains, including:

1. Thermal energy storage: Enables the storage of unused thermal resources, providing heating or cooling capabilities.

2. Electrical power storage: Facilitates backup power supply and enhances grid resilience.

3. Utility grid optimization: Offers opportunities for storing off-peak low-cost power for later use during high-demand (on-peak) hours.

4. ORC power production: Stores thermal energy for Organic Rankine Cycle (ORC) power generation while simultaneously preserving the electrical output from the turbine generator.

5. Heating and cooling optimization: Utilizes off-peak low-cost power to produce heating and cooling for later use.

6. Peak demand reduction: Helps reduce peak demand utility rates through peak energy shaving strategies.

The Cogen Salt Flow Battery is available in various sizes ranging from 3,000 kWh, to a staggering 18 MW, catering to diverse energy storage requirements as a contender for the Tesla Megapack.

For More Info…

Salgenx the Salt Water Battery

The Infinity Supercritical System May be Used for Vapor Deposition of Sulfur on Carbon Nanofiber to Experiment with production of Monoclinic Gamma-phase Sulfur for battery development

The Infinity Supercritical System May be Used for Vapor Deposition of Sulfur on Carbon Nanofiber to Experiment with production of Monoclinic Gamma-phase Sulfur for battery development

Using Supercritical CO2 for Vapor Deposition of Sulfur on Carbon Nanofiber

Lithium Sulfur Battery Research using Vapor Deposition of Sulfur on Carbon Nanofiber: One interesting application may be for the research and production of lithium sulfur batteries. Using CO2 may be one possible route to commercialization of production. ( The team found that during the process of depositing sulfur on the carbon nanofiber surface, changing it from a gas to a solid, it crystallized in an unexpected way, forming a slight variation of the element, called monoclinic gamma-phase sulfur - link below.)

The modular construction of the Infinity experimenters system allow easy integration for new technology developments, and multi-role add-ons. The heart of the system is the phase change liquid pumping techniques, flow bar, and tribo effect electrostatic precipitation collection system. Many of these deployed technologies were developed by Infinity since 2015 making this system the most advanced in the industry. More than 100 of these commercial systems have been built and out around the world.

For More Info…

Gamma Sulfur Publications

Breakthrough in Cathode Chemistry Clears Path for Lithium-Sulfur Batteries Commercial Viability

Supercritical Fluid Deposition Of Thin Metal Films: Kinetics, Mechanics And Applications

Curcumin found in Turmeric can be used to enhance battery components

Curcumin found in Turmeric can be used to enhance battery components

Curcumin as a Gamma-sulfur Substitute for Lithium Sulfur Battery Electrodes and Hydrogen Production

Curcumin reduces poisoning because of reaction intermediates in battery applications.

See link below: Curcumin is used to decorate the gold nanoparticles to stabilize them, forming a porous network around the nanoparticles. Researchers deposited the curcumin gold nanoparticle on the surface of the electrode at a 100 times lower electric current than in previous studies. But the research could have broader implications than improved fuel cells. The electrode’s unique properties could lend itself to future applications in sensors, supercapacitors and more, Ventrapragada said.

Curcumin can be extracted from Turmeric using Supercritical CO2.

For More Info…

Curcumin Could Be Key To More Efficient Batteries

Oregano Oil Extract May be the next Battery Electrolyte

Oregano Oil Extract May be the next Battery Electrolyte

Oregano Oil Extract May be the next Battery Electrolyte

Electrolytes are characterized by their ionic conductivity. It is desirable that overall results from the dominant contribution of the ions of interest (e.g. Li+ in lithium ion batteries or LIB). However, high values of cationic transference number achieved by solid or gel electrolytes have resulted in low leading to inferior cell performances. Organogel polymer electrolyte characterized by a high liquid-electrolyte-level with high t+ for LIB. A conventional liquid electrolyte in presence of a cyano resin was physically and irreversibly gelated without any initiators and crosslinkers, showing the behavior of lower critical solution temperature. During gelation, the electrolyte followed a typical Arrhenius-type temperature dependency, even if its viscosity increased dramatically with temperature. Based on the Li+- driven ion conduction, LIB using the organogel electrolyte delivered significantly enhanced cyclability and thermal stability.

For More Info…

Corn starch is a flexible and stable binder

Corn starch is a flexible and stable binder

Corn Starch Electrode Coating

Starch as a green binder: It is demonstrated that starch can be successfully implemented as a binder in energy storage systems with non-aqueous electrolytes. These devices are characterized by a stable cycle life (for 50,000 cycles) at a nominal voltage of 2.5 V. Moreover, the use of starch-based conductive glue improves the electrochemical performance, especially reducing the internal resistance of the device. Starch-bound electrodes display lower equivalent distributed resistance (EDR) values than electrodes using carboxymethylcellulose (CMC) as the binder.

Printable: Corn starch and citric acid, two low-cost and abundant materials, were used for establishing a novel screen printable hydrogel for printed electronics applications. Corn starch was modified with citric acid by melt-blending, the so obtained thermoplastic starch was ground to powder and added to a water-starch suspension.

Flexible: Starch, as one of the most abundant natural polymers, has been exhibiting great potentials in the development of environmental-friendly FEs due to its inexpensiveness, good processability, and biodegradability.

A new route for the fabrication of corn starch-based porous carbon as electrochemical supercapacitor electrode material

Starch as a Green Binder for the Formulation of Conducting Glue in Supercapacitors

Printable acid-modified corn starch as non-toxic, disposable hydrogel-polymer electrolyte in supercapacitors

Green flexible electronics based on starch

50 mm or 2 inch diameter heat pump propulsion examples including cavitation and expander

50 mm or 2 inch diameter heat pump propulsion examples including cavitation and expander

Can a Heat Pump propulsion system extend battery range by 50 percent or more ?

We have been working on a new type of closed-loop CO2 heat pump system which may extend the range of batteries.

This would apply to electric cars, electric trucks, industrial contruction equipment, and battery powered aircraft (drones, RC, and passenger aircraft).

Our patented Modular Block system is perfect for vehicles, homes, and scalable applications. The image on the left is our 2 inch diameter cavitation, turbine, and integral counter-rotating compressor expander (CO2 Jet Turbine) examples. For HVAC installations we're expecting at least a COP of 5.

The concept of the heat pump is to amplify and use heat from both electricity and the environment. An efficient heat pump can have a COP (coefficient of performance) of 2 or more. That means for every 1 kW of electrical input, you get 2 kW of thermal output (cooling or heating). For a typical heat resistor at 100 percent efficiency, you would get a COP of 1.

The concept is to use a high energy dense working fluid like CO2 and leverage the lower boiling temperature (where it goes supercritical around 31.1C or 87.9 F) into a increased pressurized vapor.

There are a wide range of energy possibilities, including using the skin of the vehicle for collecting or dissipating thermal energy. Of particular interest is aviation applications where the upper atmosphere is always a big cold sink (condenser).

In the construction industry, this could easily be applied to vehicles with hydrostatic (hydraulic) drives for stationary (conveyers) or mobile (earth moving equipment) applications.

Currently looking for investors to develop this concept more, so we can approach Tesla and other large battery powered (range anxiety) applications.

Reversible Heat Pump–Organic Rankine Cycle Systems for the Storage of Renewable Electricity (pdf)

Keep Reading…

Understanding COP: Coefficient Of Performance Of Heat Pumps

Heat Pumps the Next Big Thing in Electric Vehicles

Email: Heat Pump Engine

The Infinity Supercritical System May be Used for Vapor Deposition of Sulfur on Carbon Nanofiber to Experiment with production of Monoclinic Gamma-phase Sulfur for battery development

The Infinity Supercritical System May be Used for Vapor Deposition of Sulfur on Carbon Nanofiber to Experiment with production of Monoclinic Gamma-phase Sulfur for battery development

Infinity ORC Heat Pump Experimenters System Cart

The supercritical CO2 phase change system is both a heat pump and organic rankine cycle which can be used for those purposes and as a supercritical extractor for advanced subcritical and supercritical extraction technology.

Application uses include producing nanoparticles, precious metal CO2 extraction, lithium battery recycling, and other applications.

Lithium Sulfur Battery Research using Vapor Deposition of Sulfur on Carbon Nanofiber: One interesting application may be for the research and production of lithium sulfur batteries. Using CO2 may be one possible route to commercialization of production. ( The team found that during the process of depositing sulfur on the carbon nanofiber surface, changing it from a gas to a solid, it crystallized in an unexpected way, forming a slight variation of the element, called monoclinic gamma-phase sulfur - link below.)

The modular construction of the system allow easy integration for new technology developments, and multi-role add-ons. The heart of the system is the phase change liquid pumping techniques, flow bar, and tribo effect electrostatic precipitation collection system. Many of these deployed technologies were developed by Infinity since 2015 making this system the most advanced in the industry. More than 100 of these commercial systems have been built and out around the world.

For More Info…

Email: Pricing or Questions

Breakthrough in Cathode Chemistry Clears Path for Lithium-Sulfur Batteries Commercial Viability

Supercritical Fluid Deposition Of Thin Metal Films: Kinetics, Mechanics And Applications

Gas Leverage Turbine

Gas Leverage Turbine

Gas Leverage Turbine

The Gas Leverage Turbine (GLT) is a product which has been in development for some time. It is a hybrid between the Brayton Cycle and Organic Rankine Cycle.

The unique part of this turbine is that it can be closed-loop using CO2 as the working fluid taking advantage of sonochemistry (cavitation) as a process enhancer for the production of battery materials (such as gamma sulfur) as well as a gas flow battery.

This amazing device can also be used simultaneously as a heat pump, which only leverages its use in range extending for electric cars.

For More Info…

Publications for Heat Pump Systems

Gas Flow Battery Regulated by RPM of Turbine

Gas Flow Battery Regulated by RPM of Turbine

Swing Adsorption Gas Capacitor Turbine

Another innovation from Infinity Turbine is the CO2 gas capacitor turbine (or gas flow battery).

With a closed loop hybrid of the Brayton Cycle within the Organic Rankine Cycle, Infinity discovered the production of high voltage DC static charges when expanding pressurized CO2 over a hybrid plastic. The speed of the turbine regulates the flow, which in turn, will regulate the storage or production of power. The working fluid (CO2) has a low temperature boiling point which allows it to work with a cavitation compression system, or low grade waste heat to go supercritical.

Enter the CO2 Supercapacitor: This new field was recently published by Nanoscale in 2022: Supercapacitive swing adsorption (SSA) is a recently discovered electrochemically driven CO2 capture technology that promises significant efficiency improvements over traditional methods. (see link below)

The new research confirms that this technology can be used in many applications, including harvesting CO2 from the atmosphere, as well as energy storage devices from remote power generators, off-grid applications, and peak-shaving for demand power periods within the grid.

Power generation or storage can be achieved by solid state static whips or by rotating discs from the turbine (direct drive or free-spooling).

For More Info…

Enhancing the capacity of supercapacitive swing adsorption CO2 capture by tuning charging protocols

Low-cost battery-like device absorbs CO2 emissions while it charges

Condensed Matter Battery

Gas Leverage Turbine

Gas Leverage Turbine

Gas Leverage Turbine

The Gas Leverage Turbine (GLT) is a product which has been in development for some time. It is a hybrid between the Brayton Cycle and Organic Rankine Cycle.

The unique part of this turbine is that it can be closed-loop using CO2 as the working fluid taking advantage of sonochemistry (cavitation) as a process enhancer for the production of battery materials (such as gamma sulfur) as well as a gas flow battery.

This amazing device can also be used simultaneously as a heat pump, which only leverages its use in range extending for electric cars.

For More Info…

50 mm or 2 inch diameter modular block heat pump device developed in 2004 has a similar appearance and function in the Tesla Octovalve in current production for electric cars cooling and heating

50 mm or 2 inch diameter modular block heat pump device developed in 2004 has a similar appearance and function in the Tesla Octovalve in current production for electric cars cooling and heating

Heat Pump Battery

We have been working on a new type of closed-loop CO2 heat pump system which may extend the range of batteries.

Extremely high C rates can provide burst energy, while at the same time the CO2 can absorb the heat quickly as a insitu cooling system.

As used as a continuous production format under our name of Gas Leverage Turbine, the same format can be used for carbon nanotube production, as well as graphene production.

The applications of this process extend well beyond a flow battery and continuous materials production.

I will develop a page soon to describe the process in more detail (G. Giese).

Supercritical Carbon Dioxide-Assisted Process for Well-Dispersed Silicon/Graphene Composite as a Li ion Battery Anode

Transformation of carbon dioxide into carbon nanotubes for enhanced ion transport and energy storage

How Can We Use Carbon Dioxide to Feed Rechargeable Batteries

Production of graphene nanosheets by supercritical CO2 process coupled with micro-jet exfoliation

Scottish Power Typical Residential Gas and Electricity Usage Chart on a Bill

Scottish Power Typical Residential Gas and Electricity Usage Chart on a Bill

Solar Energy Options for UK

As the crazy electrical and gas rates increase, the attractiveness of solar energy becomes greater, since the payback on investment is shorter. From the rates I've seen, it looks like power will go up to around 52 p/kWh (around $.60 per kWh) for standard rates (up from around 18-30 p/kWh).

Your options are solar thermal (hot water or hot air from the Sun), solar photovoltaic (PV) generating electricity from the Sun for self use or export back to the grid, and non solar time-of-use battery arbitrage (if you have a cheaper off peak electrical rate, store power in a battery at night, then use during the day).

All options have varying paybacks depending on initial costs and how well you use power.

But first, lets look at ways to reduce your power demand.

Sand Battery and Paraffin Wax Thermal Storage Publications

Keep Reading…

electric motor and coil developers kit for 3D printers

electric motor and coil developers kit for 3D printers

Infinity Turbine Maker and Sample Plans Download

Infinity Turbine is offering some of its technology and designs for one-off 3D printing or building for non-commercial use. These include the Tesla Valve, Milling Machine Jig, Electric Motor and Coil Developers Kit, and Magnetic Gear Reduction Coupling Device. Others will be added soon. This gives you some idea of the structure or the Cad/Cam plans we offer for sale.

Maker and Plans Download Page

CO2 Cavitation Device Used for Pumping and Sonochemistry Experiments

CO2 Cavitation Device Used for Pumping and Sonochemistry Experiments

Make Rocket Fuel from CO2

Infinity has already built lots of closed-loop supercritical CO2 systems, and experimented with CO2 cavitation to make a one-moving-part liquid CO2 pump.

Infinity currently sells a cart-mounted portable on-demand supercritical CO2 phase change system for $150,000 which can be used for the experiments listed below, along with many others. It is a cart which was designed to fit through any standard door, hallway, or elevator and has heaving duty casters for mobility.

We are currently looking for funding to develop the following:

1. On-Demand CO2 to Alcohol: Using our closed-loop liquid CO2 phase change system, adding Nafion in the process to make alcohol. Inputs: Liquid CO2, water, and electricity. About 3-4 kW to make a liter of alcohol (from lab experiments).

2. CO2 to Alcohol with In-Situ Power Generation: Using our closed-loop supercritical CO2 phase change system, produce the power via miniature CO2 turbine generator of static electricity generator (SEG) to power the conversion via Nafion.

3. Spin-To-Liquid (STL): A novel one-step approach to producing alcohol from liquid CO2 using a cavitation device with Nafion. This is a one-moving-part device employing sonochemistry with inputs of water and liquid CO2. Electricity is produced in-situ. Shaft rotation is required to spin the device (this can be done via a electric motor, pressure expanding turbine, or other shaft rotation such as a wind turbine).

You can further our efforts by buying our $150,000 systems (which we build - and have four in stock) or by considering an investment to fund our development.

Teaser: Why was Nikola Tesla so fascinated with static electricity and spinning discs ? Our guess is that he had already found the worlds best battery - water. The Tesla turbine (while a fascinating pump) was actually a static electricity generator originally designed to charge water. All of his Colorado Springs experiments revolved around static electricity. Power generation and (wireless) transportation was via static electricity.

The New Chemistry of Fuel Cells (pdf download)

Keep Reading…

Email: Investor for Reverse Fuel Cell CO2 to Alcohol Questions

Innovative Reverse Fuel Cell Converts Waste CO2 Into Valuable Chemicals 10x Faster (note: Infinity did this in 2004)

Surplus CO2 Supercritical Phase Change Developers Cart

Surplus CO2 Supercritical Phase Change Developers Cart

Surplus Parts and Systems for Sale

Surplus for sale including full systems, turbines, parts, Swagelok stainless steel fittings, and more...

For More Info…

Email: Surplus for sale

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Solar Thermal Heater using Vacuum Tubes

Modular solar thermal heater for cooking, ORC, and heat pump applications.

For More Info…

Email: Solar Thermal Heater

Modular Block Heat Pump Turbine Kit

Modular Block Heat Pump Turbine Kit

Infinity Heat Pump Turbine Experimenters Kit

Infinity has developed a modular block kit for those who wish to experiment with using a heat pump as a turbine to produce power while simultaneously producing heating or cooling.

Can also be used in conjunction with a heat pump CO2 flow battery.

For More Info…

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Publications

Publications for selected topics including: Producing power from waste heat, Nikola Tesla Patents (complete set, Graphene super capacitor, ROT, Radial Outflow Turbine, Electronic Turbine, static plasma wings, electronic turbine propulsion, acoustics, electric propulsion ion and hall thrusters, jet propulsion by microwave air plasma, plasma actuators hingeless aerodynamic control uav and drones

Publications for Waste Heat to Energy | Graphene | ROT | Nikola Tesla Patents | Electronic Turbine Propulsion

Supercritical CO2 can treat Nafion for Direct Methanol Fuel Cells

Supercritical CO2 can treat Nafion for Direct Methanol Fuel Cells

Supercritical CO2 to treat Nafion for Direct Methanol Fuel Cells

Supercritical carbon dioxide treatment was used to enhance performance of NR212. The microstructure of NR212 membranes was reorganized after the Sc-CO2 treatment. The treated NR212 membranes showed higher proton conductivity than Nafion 117. The treated NR212 membranes showed lower methanol permeability than Nafion 117. Direct Methanol Fuel Cell (DMFC) performance of the treated NR212 membranes was better than Nafion 117 (2012). The Nafion-grafted-polystyrene sulfonic acid (N-g-pssa) exhibits higher ion conductivity and lower methanol permeability than that of Nafion 115. The N-g-pssa membranes are tested as electrolytes in a direct methanol fuel cell. Compared with the as-received NR212 membranes, all the Sc-CO2 treated NR212 membranes show higher proton conductivity and better capacity of barrier to methanol crossover. From Fenton test, it can be found that the Sc-CO2 treated NR212 membranes have better chemical stability than that of NR212 membranes. Therefore, NR212 membranes treated by the Sc-CO2 method may be promising candidate electrolytes for DMFC applications (2020).

For More Info…

Email: Investor for Reverse Fuel Cell CO2 to Alcohol Questions

Innovative Reverse Fuel Cell Converts Waste CO2 Into Valuable Chemicals 10x Faster (note: Infinity did this in 2004)

XPrize for Carbon Removal

Infinity Turbine GTL Gas to Liquids Module for converting CO2 to fuels and plastics

Infinity Turbine GTL Gas to Liquids Module for converting CO2 to fuels and plastics

Infinity Turbine GTL Module Experimenters Platform to Make Rocket Fuel from CO2

Infinity is now offering an experimenters platform for those who wish to develop liquid or gas CO2 to plastics and alcohol fuels. Inputs: CO2, H20, DC electricity, and Nafion or other membrane catalysts.

Our journey into CO2 to fuels started in 2004 along with John Stevens (investor) when we started Ocean Ethanol LLC. Back then we looked at using a Fischer Tropsch catalyst to convert CO2 and H2 into fuel grade ethanol and methanol. Hydrogen was problematic (too expensive to produce) so we looked at reversing a methanol fuel cell (electrolyzer). The project was shelved in 2005. But with renewed interest in the XPrize, we are now looking at adapting our developed Supercritical CO2 Systems to work with a reverse fuel cell (RFC) using Nafion.

Infinity Turbine GTL Module (pdf datasheet)

For More Info…

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Converting CO2 to Fuel Grade Ethanol, Methanol, and Butanol using a Reverse Fuel Cell

Infinity is now providing experimental platforms for developing modular cart mounted GTL (gas to liquids) fuel processing from CO2. Using Nafion or similar catalysts (available in sheets, tubes, pellets, and more), the inputs are CO2, water, and electricity to make alcohol (ethanol, methanol, and butanol). The selectivity of the output will depend on your formula for the inputs and catalyst. The Infinity GTL Processor allows you to adjust the flow of CO2, water, and electricity. The platform also allows you to incorporate and modulate in-situ power production, static electricity generation (SEG), and other unique functions. The processor platform is available in a completed cart, or parts (kit form) for developers who want to configure their own system.

For More Info…

Cavitating compressor turbine

Cavitating compressor turbine

Tribojet

The goal of Tribojet is to deploy a propulsion system which works in Earth atmospheric conditions, as well as interstellar space applications. Current development fuels are made from liquid CO2 and water.

Heat required: greater than 304.13K, 31C, or 88F.

Please click on link below for more information.

For More Info…

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Filemaker Software

Need to get organized ? We are now making available our software apps to travel bloggers. Based on Filemaker platform (Mac, Windows, and Mac IOS Filemaker Go), we have developed some industry specific apps that will increase your efficiency, reduce time, and give you valuable heads-up time.

Need an App Developed ? We are database experts, and have developed software solutions for desktop computers, and IOS devices using the FileMaker platform.

For Developers:

Filemaker Database Platform: Filemaker Website

Filemaker Mobile Platform: iPhone, iPad, IOS Website

Filemaker Plug-in: Extend Filemaker Capabilities with Monkey Bread Software Plug-insSoftware for iPhone, Mac OS X, Linux and Windows with Xojo, C/C++/Objective-C, AppleScript, Java, Perl, PHP and HTML. Monkeybread Software uses Xojo for software development. Along with a few free and shareware titles, we offer custom software development and plug-ins for FileMaker, Xojo, Real Studio and REALbasic.

FileMaker Database Solutions To Get Organized

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Silent Drone Technology

Infinity is now working on a new aero turbine and flying structure to produce a silent drone with no downward airwash or noise.

The development concept is to dramatically reduce or eliminate any noise from below which effectively produces stealth technology from anybody (or listening devices) on the ground.

The turbine propulsion concept is derived from one of our developed turbines.

Email: Silent Drone Tech

Fast Vacuum Table

Fast Vacuum Table

Fast Vacuum Table

The Infinity Turbine vacuum table is designed for vacuum bagging materials and evacuating air. This process can be used for drying small wood parts, clamping (for glueing), hold-down, vacuum bagging for fiberglass or carbon fiber, removing excess glue or moisture, and even hooked up to a rigid chamber for vacuum drying small quantities of lumber.

Infinity Vacuum Table (pdf)

For More Info…

Email: Vacuum Table Inquiry

3 to 18 megawatt shipping container flow battery configuration

3 to 18 megawatt shipping container flow battery configuration

Modular Flow Battery Licensing Production and Sales

S3000: 3000 kWh ($105,000 tax credit per module)

S6000: 3000 kWh ($210,000 tax credit per module)

S12MW: 12000 kWh ($420,000 tax credit per bank)

S18MW: 18000 kWh ($630,000 tax credit per bank)

Note: The tax credit becomes effective 1 January 2023 until 2029.

Salgenx: The flow battery. Store electrical and thermal energy simultaneously with Salgenx .

Flow Battery Licensing

Salgenx the Salt Water Battery

Salt Water Energy Storage Applications

Infinity Turbine Makers and Inventors Resources

Infinity Turbine Makers and Inventors Resources

Inventors Resource Page

This section has tools for inventors and innovators that Infinity has developed. We have been using Filemaker since 1992 as a way to organize data. We will make available drawing downloads (CAD/CAM) and Filemaker Solution downloads. Our concept platforms are based on using organization provided by Filemaker.

Makers and Inventors Resource Page

Biomass Energy Waterwide Solid Fuel Gasifier Using Wood Wastes to Make Heat which can be used for direct fired drying and providing a high grade heat source for ORC biomass organic rankine cycle

Biomass Energy Waterwide Solid Fuel Gasifier Using Wood Wastes to Make Heat which can be used for direct fired drying and providing a high grade heat source for ORC biomass organic rankine cycle

Waste Heat to Energy

List of selected waste heat to energy publications.

Waste Heat to Energy is a renewable energy field which deploys technology to utilize industrial, commercial, and home based heat which would otherwise be unused, to make power. Since much of the quality of this heat is low, efficiency to capture and convert to power is also low. This makes the most sense (payback) where utility (grid-based) power rates are at or above $.15 per kwh.

Add the Salgenx salt water battery storage for added savings and USA based tax credits.

Waste Heat to Energy Publications

Caster beam modular bolt together structure

Caster beam modular bolt together structure

Caster Beam Modular Pre Fabricated Structure

Unlimited Build License Available.

Since 2008 Infinity has been building hundreds of turbine and extraction systems all with metal frames. Instead of relying on welded one-use structures, Infinity devised a system to use bolt together beams which had pre drilled 3 inch access ports and 3/8 inch holes for a bolt together system. Beams also have pre drilled 3/8 bolt patterns for standard 5 inch diameter casters which all fast prototyping carts that hold processing equipment, tables, workbenches, and other structures.

Plans for sale and licensing available.

Caster Beam 24 inch (pdf)

For More Info…

Email: Caster Beam

Example of Modular Block Turbine Housing

Example of Modular Block Turbine Housing

Modular Block

Unlimited Build License Available.

The modular fluid handling device has a central bore with fluid passages that extend between block faces, both horizontally and vertically. The blocks can be stacked horizontally, vertically, or both. Rotating elements can be configured in any of the passages for the purpose of pumping, extraction, or power production.

Purpose: The functionality of the blocks is to perform rapid prototyping by deploying modular construction of systems using bolts.

Standard Blocks: 3 inch size with 10/32 inch fasteners. 1 inch center bore and 1/4 and 1/2 inch horizontal bores.

Larger Blocks: 6 inch size with 3/8 inch fasteners. 3 inch center bore and 1/4, 3/8, and 1/2 inch horizontal bores.

Patents (I and II) cover all sizes and most applications.

Modular Block Patent

For More Info…

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Filemaker Software

Looking to enhance your organization skills? Look no further! Our newly launched software apps are now accessible to streamline your processes. Built on the reliable FileMaker platform, our industry-specific apps are compatible with Mac, Windows, and iOS devices through FileMaker Go. By leveraging our expertise as database specialists, we have crafted efficient software solutions that will boost your productivity, save you time, and provide you with crucial insights.

For over two decades, we have relied on FileMaker to run our own businesses, handling various tasks such as organization, spreadsheets, quotes, inventory management, and much more. Now, we bring our expertise to you, offering powerful software solutions tailored to your specific needs.

FileMaker Database Solutions To Get Organized

Filemaker Database by Claris

Filemaker Go for IOS iPhone and iPad

CONTACT TEL: 608-238-6001 Email: greg@infinityturbine.com | RSS | AMP | PDF | IG | X.com